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Archive for October, 2017

Outer Space, Upper Space and Living Space

Posted by nouspraktikon on October 27, 2017

On Earth as it is in Heaven

This is the simple petition, recited, in whatever language, by every Christian child who has ever been taught the rudiments of prayer.  Of course it refers primarily to the return  of Jesus, when he will rule the world in his Father’s name.  As such, it refers to time, some future time, hopefully soon (though we don’t know) which theologians call “eschatological time.”  But notice that the familiar phrase also implies a view of space as well as time.  It isn’t just chronological, it is geographical (or rather, “cosmographical”) as well.  Everyone agrees that Heaven is “up” not of course, in the old Aristotelian sense, but in every other meaningful sense…hence the salient question remains: Are we going up to meet it or is it coming down to meet us?

Answer: In Heaven as it is on Earth….not!

Yet, every unsanctified human instinct and endeavor works in the opposite direction to the petition contained in the Lord’s Prayer.  That is the philosophy implicit in the phrase, “outer space.”  The space beyond the Earth might be beautiful, but it is held to be profoundly lacking.  What does it lack?  It lacks us!  It lacks intelligence.  It lacks the teeming creativity of the space between the two human ears.  It lacks the cozy cohabitation of the human race and its carbon-based companions.  It needs to be mastered, and made part of the household economy of Earth.

By itself outer space is supposed to be a void…but it is held capable of being worked up into something grand if we are willing to rise to the challenge of a “new frontier”…an ideology which is as appealing as it is contrary to the word of God.  Remember that Adam was commanded to subdue the Earth, not space.  Modern thinkers have reversed this imperative.  The ecologists tell us that our species must subordinate itself to the purposes of the Earth.  Simultaneously our entrepreneurs tell us that Humanity must transform outer space into our living space.  They operate on the premise that space, like God, is dead.  Neither are.

Space is alive.  Few have captured the significance of this as well as C.S. Lewis in his masterful science fiction overture Out of the Silent Planet.  His lead character, having been abducted (not by aliens) onto a spaceship, has time to meditate on the mendacity of the modern prejudice towards what are rightfully called “the Heavens.”

A nightmare, long engendered by the mythology that follows in the wake of science, was falling off of him.  He had read of “Space’: at the back of his thinking for years had lurked the dismal fancy of the black, cold vacuity, of the utter darkness, which was supposed to separate the worlds.  He had not known how much it had affected him until now–now that the very name “Space” seemed a blasphemous libel for this empyrean ocean of radiance in which they swam. He could not call it “dead’: he felt life pouring into him from it every moment.  How indeed should it be otherwise, since out of this ocean the worlds and all their life had come?  He had thought it barren: he now saw that it was the womb of worlds, those blazing and innumerable offspring looked down nightly even upon the earth with so many eyes–and here with how many more!  No: space was the wrong name.  (Out of the Silent Planet, p. 34)

When earthlings adopt the “new frontier” mentality it is a tacit demand for more living space.  It is thought that perhaps we can avoid our earthly problems if we can just expand the economy into the cosmos.  The danger of this thinking is that “we” are rapidly losing our grip on who “we” are.  Space habitation is more likely to transform “us” into something post-human.  To be sure, humanity is in bad need of transformation, but care should be taken to understand whether specific transformations are for the better or worse.  Do we strive after Heaven, or do we wait upon Heaven to transform the Earth?  Which of these strategies smacks of pride and the wrong sort of domination?

While we may yearn for more living space, a circumspect cosmology informs us that the Heavens are already alive.  As a consolation, we have the promise that we will inherit both Heaven and Earth eventually.  If we are willing to wait.

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